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Working Paper: Germany's Enable & Enhance Initiative

Friday, 12. February 2016

What is the German Enable & Enhance Initiative about?

a German EUTM Mali soldier, supported by an interpreter, teaches a Malian soldier in explosive ordnance disposal

"E2I" involves both training and equipment: A Bundeswehr soldier, supported by an interpreter, teaches a Malian soldier how to use a metal detector. Picture: Bundeswehr/Falk Bärwald

The Federal Government’s “Enable & Enhance Initiative” is the subject of ongoing debates. While experts discuss it using the usual acronyms such as “E2I”, the general public has resorted to speculation. The most prevalent suspicion is that the initiative is an attempt to justify German armaments exports to crisis areas, as it enables the conflict parties to resolve their dispute under their own steam. In her Working Paper Jana Puglierin argues that this reductive view is incorrect and that the initiative is instead a complex instrument of preventive security policy.

The Working Paper is available via the following link: www.baks.bund.de/en/working-papers.